I hate this city, though I am here because of my job. Because my home is on 5 hour run from here and in bihar this is best option for me to work here. Therefore I am tolerating this town since January 2005. Several times I decided that I have to leave this town today, perches a ticket for mumbai or Delhi or Bhopal and leave this city. During one year and three months I didn't spent any evening here (my office time is 6 to 2 at night). If have one day leave I opted to go my home. But I am here. Though this city gave me a lot to work. Here I had worked in around every field of journalism, reporting, editing, on general desk, page one making, being city incharge for three day, election coverage for two times, field reporting, magazine making. And for this I am grateful to this town, but I am unable to tolerate this town. Their chhapas, non-stop talking, selfish and coward people. Though I am here and writing about this town, because I know a lot about this town. About silk, dolphin, many popular kands and non-stop talking; chhapas and coward bhagalpurias.
Like Banaras and Banglore, Bhagalpur is also silk city. And these three b's are main producer of silk in India. Banglore & Banaras is famous for malwari silk and Bhagalpur is known for its tusser silk. Basically like Banaras Bhagalpur is also weaving centre. In its nathnagar and champanagar area u can find around 25 thousand weavers. If u will go there u can hear sound of around 1000 generators dhon..dhon..dhon..dhon. And Khat..khut..khat..khut of their powerlooms. U will astonish to know that here isn't any silk production factory. Silk cloth is preparing here in small houses of poor weavers. Why? Because this arrangements suits to local silk entrepreneur. Because government has categorized silk production as handloom industries for development of silk weavers and restrict silk production on powerloom. In this situation if any entrepreneur weave silk in powerloom in his factory he will punish. So, they are compaling weavers to prepare silk cloth in their own house and become safe. Along with through handloom categorization they (entrepreneur) get tax-free income. May this situation confuse u so let me explain the system of silk production in Bhagalpur.
Similar to bidi udyog in silk cloth production there is three bodies. First entrepreneur, second master weaver and third weaver. Endeavourer gets order either overseas or from national exporter, with design. Perches threads and distribute it in master weavers (middle man) from production. With master weaver he finalize the rate of production on per meter basis. This will between 8 rs. to 40 rs (according to Quality & verity). Per meter. After that master weaver distribute the thread between weavers and weaver prepare the cloth on his on powerloom and at the cost of generator (situation of electricity supply in bhagalpur is worst, and in nathnagar it will only 3 or 4 hour per day.). With the help of one powerloom 4 weaver can weave 30 to 60 meter per day (according to Quality & verity) and for this they should bear the cost of generator around 250-300 rs per day. In these situation a weaver can get less then 40 rs per day, just for their survival. If an entrepreneur tries to weave silk in his factory he should bear the cost of generator and give weaver their minimum wedges and that's all doesn't give him any profit. So they are playing the game on the head of poor and helpless weavers.
Now about the economics of silk entrepreneurship. About 75 percent of silk thread used in Bhagalpur is coming from china and Korea. Because Indian thread are so soft that on the powerloom it breaks much frequently and by this speed of production becomes much slow. But quality of Indian silk is far better then chines and Korean. On handloom this gives very fine quality. Difference between Indian and chines silk is that chines silk shine when it is new and Indian shines when become older. Indian silk thread is more costly then chines and Korean (around 400 per kg). There for professionalism has compailed silk entrepreneur to use chines and Korean silk for heavy production and more profit. And in Bhagalpur lots of chines and Korean silk enter by smuggling through the way of Nepal. And for this they had distorted the traditional local manufacturing of Indian tusser in santhal region. Now a day an ngo is trying to establish this in deoghar and katoriya (Banka). Smuggling silk thread has developed crime in this region. And in around two or three months one entrepreneur killed in this ugly business.
Why bhagalpuri tusser? Bhagalpuri tusser is famous in world for furnishing items like sofa cover, parda and some times wall pesting to. Climate of Bhagalpur is superb for weaving because of humidity present here. In other centre they have to flow vapor artificially in between powerlooms. This is whole reason for developing Bhagalpur as weaver city from ancient time. But now a day's handloom becomes outdated and situation of electricity is not supporting weavers. There for, migration of weavers had started in late nineties. And abour 3 or 4 thousand weaver are working in merut and mumbai and in even banglore too. Here is an institute of silk technology, where B.E. in silk technology was a course. But due to local politics this institute has closed in 90. After long fight by local ex. mp ramji singh course in this institute starts last year, but this is only one year diploma course. U will astonish to know that ex.student of this institute is working in menchester presently. Two spun mill was also here for yarn (thread) production. Those are also closed due to same reason. Around two lacks of people of this town are depended on silk enterprenurship, but insensitive approach of them for their own profession doesn't need to describe.
From here silk cloths of around 350 crore is produced per year for export, but this city couldn't get one paisa tax from this. Because whole silk item has exported from kolkata and some other big city. Because here isn't any airport and other basic aminities for export and bhagalpuris are not much interested to develop this anyway.
I have to say this chapter Ganga & dolphin. But i am writing here only on dolphin, because in my view dolphin has gutts to feed whole Bhagalpur city. If u have confused to read dolphin and bhagalpur together that is not ur fault, that is the fault of government, administration, local representatives and bhagalpuri janta too. Because many of them doesn't know till now that in Bhagalpur there is a dolphin sanctuary. Near the office of forest dipartment there is two or three signboard in which they had wrote about any dolphin aashrayni in Ganga River between kahalgaon to sultanganj, thanks to Dr.sunil chaudhary and his colleague for clearifing that this aashrayani is actually senctuary. And it is well known fact that what goverment has doing for this water senctuay. Here fishing through net is as usual, planting beside river and on island (diyara) is also usual, every year lots of pratima (kali, durga, saraswati, vishahara, vishwakarma) has dipped in ganga with religious faith and around three or four months we gat a dead body of dolphin.
Last year, in botony Department of Bhagalpur University Dr. chaudhary has organised a seminaar on some issue related to bio diversity. In this seminaar he has invited some expert from America and newzeeland. Both of them had astonished to know about the dolphin senctuary and the number of dolphin present in this senctuary. On ane day trip in senctuary area they pointed some ideas for developing this senctuary like a tourist place. They said about dolphin musium in kathmandu and how much revenue they got from this, suggested about dolphin spot, from where any one can see the dolphin flying on the surface of ganga by the help of teliscope, about selling the picture of dolphin too. They also said about those europians who can spent thousand dollers to see dolphin's flying. But every one of us were aware from this fact that it can't possible here for around a decade.
read more about it on this link